Monday, April 22, 2013

O. Eissfeldt as source
for the L. Köhler & W.Baumgartner claim
concerning the “Jehovah” form /

Ο O. Eissfeldt
ως πηγή της θέσης των L. Köhler & W.Baumgartner
σχετικά με τη μορφή “Ιεχωβά”

R. Cawdry, A table alphabeticall (1604)

3594 יהוה
1. forms: a) (Driver ZAW 46:7ff; Albright JBL 43:370ff) first instances Gn 24 426; pronounced as אֲדֹנָי in MT, → אָדוֹן, since first century AD (Baudissin 2:305f: even earlier; Rudolph 231f, on Lam 331); editions consequently יְהוָֹה, Leningrad יְהוָה, from which BH3 and BHS; usu. understood as שְׁמָא, Arm. for הַשֵּׁם (Baudissin 2:124f) :: Katz ThZ 4:467f; Alfrink 5:72ff: having become unpronounceable; when together with אֲדֹנָי rd. as “Elohim” יְהוִה, יְהוִֹה and לֵיהוִה Ps 6821 † (Baudissin 1:590); b) Jehovah, wrong pronunciation, improperly mixing K and Q, generally used since ca. 1500; first reference in 1381 (Eissfeldt Kl. Schr. 1:1674
); pronunciation אֲדֹנָי leads to writing לַ/כַּ‍/וַ/בַּיהוה; pronounced baʾadonāi etc. (or beyahweh etc.), מֵיְהוָה (Lam 29), pronounced mēʾadōnāy or miyyahweh; c) that *yahweh was the original form (Fohrer Geschichte 63, :: LDelekat Fschr. Kuhn 23ff: orig. yāhō/ū) is shown i) by the play on words with אֶהְיֶה Ex 314; ii) by the transcription Ιαουαι/ε in Clement of Alexandria Stromata 5:6, 34 (Baudissin 2:116f :: Ganschinietz in Pauly-W. 9:700: Ιαου); iii) by the transcription Ιαβε in Field on Ex 63 (Baudissin 2:222f); d) in names in which יהוה is the final element, *yahweh changes to yahw (cf. יִשְׁבֶּה > jussive יִשְׁבְּ) and *yā́hū, (cf. יִשְׁתַּחֲוֶה > יִשְׁתַּ֫חוּ, and שָׂ֫חוּ swimming < *śaḥw, Bauer-L. Heb. 420k, 576g), and נְתַנְיָ֫הוּ reduced > נְתַנְיָה; word initially *yāhū > *yehū < yehō (dissimilated or back-formation < yō ?): יְהוֹנָתָן > יוֹנָתָן; before ū dissimilated > yē → יֵשׁוּעַ and יֵהוּא (?); according to others (Baudissin 2:1955; Hehn 228) יָהוּ was an independent word, with יָה/יָהּ. as short forms.

* Ludwig Köhler, Walter Baumgartner & Johann Jakob Stamm (eds.),
The Hebrew and Aramaic lexicon of the Old Testament (HALOT),
vol./τόμ. 1, pp./σσ. 394-95.

Otto Eissfeldt,
Kleine Schriften, vol./τόμ. 1,
1962,pp./σσ. 167, 168.

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