The religious separateness of the Jews from the rest of mankind largely accounts for the story of their woe. Ιt was this that earned them the epithet of odium generis humani. Το the pagan, as later to the Christian, the Jewish way of life was irritating if not sinister: the ]ew would bring no sacrifices, worship no images, refuse to pay divine homage to the Emperor, refrain from eating with Gentiles, and associate only with his own kind: "If the Jews be citizens of Alexandria, why do not they worship the same gods with the Alexandrians?" asks Apion indignantly (Josephus, Contra Apionem, II, 6).
* Jakob Jocz,
"Adversus Judaeos: The Jews in History"
["Κατά Ιουδαίων: Οι Ιουδαίοι στην Ιστορία"],
Churchman, Vol. 74, Issue 4, 1960.