Tuesday, September 13, 2022

Vat. lat. 5704:

The Johannine Comma
missing in a sixth cent. Latin manuscript /

Το Ιωάννειο Κόμμα
απόν σε λατινικό χειρόγραφο του 6ου αιώνα


There is an old Latin manuscript in the Vatican Library dated to the sixth century A.D./C.E., which has a Commentary on "the Song of Solomon" (or "Canticles"), attributed to a man who was a companion of Jerome, and was the Bishop (or overseer) of Cyprus, Epiphanius of Salamis (circa. 310/320-403 A.D./C.E.).

The Commentary would have been written in Greek, but has been translated into Latin.

Vat. lat. 5704 (circa. 6th century A.D./C.E.) Folios 11v-12r.


Here on Folio 4v, we have the title heading (or Incipit): "Incipit Expositio Epiphanii Episcopi Cyprii In Canticis Canticorum".

Then on Folio 96v, at the end of the Commentary, we have the end heading (or Explicit) "Expliciunt Commenta Epipha[nius]".

The Folio where the writer quotes 1 John 5:7-8 in Latin at the very bottom line of Folio 11v and into the top line of Folio 12r.

Here's the same images of the text of 1 John 5:7-8 highlighted in red.

There is no Comma (Parenthetical Text) in this quotation.

The Latin text of 1 John 5:7-8

Quia tres sunt, qui testificantur, aqua et sanguis et Spiritus, et quia tres unum sunt.”

The Latin text was published in print form by Pietro Francesco Foggini in 1750.

Here's his text.

Sanctus Constantiae archiepiscopus Epiphanius · 1750

S. Epiphanius in Canticum Canticorum

Publication date 1750

Pietro Francesco Foggini



The beginning of the Commentary is on Page 5.

The relevant part (and context) of the Commentary begins on Page 8 and goes through to Page 11.

Page 9

Page 10

Here's the Page 10 footnote to 1 John 5:7-8 enlarged.

Page 11

It is possible that this commentary could be by Epiphanius' contemporary Philo of Carpathia (circa. 4th century A.D./C.E.) but this Latin version doesn't line up with what remains of Philo's Greek version.

It's textual value lies, not so much in it's author (whoever that might have been) but in it's age, a sixth century A.D./C.E. Latin manuscript.

That's what matters IMO.

The Latin text of 1 John 5:7-8, Quia tres sunt, qui testificantur, aqua et sanguis et Spiritus, et quia tres unum sunt.”


*  Ρeproduced from: https://thefathersmonarchy.wordpress.com